Brazilian women up to the age of 45 can choose to keep their maiden name

For 4 months and 6 years collectively, the couple Aline and Cao are set to wed in January subsequent yr. There can be a celebration and a cake, however her surname is not going to be modified after the civil marriage file is signed. “He did not have any requests to undertake the surname, in truth he even supported me after I stated I would not undertake it,” says Aline Brandriz Santos, a 30-year-old nutritionist who’s engaged to programmer Caio Ribeiro, 32.

The forms guided his determination concerning the alternative of paperwork. “Maybe if there was a single doc that you simply simply went there and altered your marital standing and surname collectively, I might positively make the change. But simply considering that there are a number of paperwork and every of them to make modifications. So for now, I’ll follow the file of my final name.

In 2022, it is going to be 45 years since women in Brazil have been in a position to choose the proper to add their husband’s surname to their full name after marriage. Earlier, each married lady was required by regulation to bear the surname of her husband.

Since 1977, when the dissolution of marital partnership (divorce regulation) was enacted, it grew to become non-compulsory for a girl to add her husband’s surname. This regulation amended the then Civil Code of 1916 (the solely paragraph of Article 240), making the addition non-compulsory. Therefore, till 1977, the reception of the surname by the spouse operated robotically: the lady, alone, acquired the surname of the man.

“Law 6515/1977 was a milestone for household regulation, which begins to explicitly present for the risk of consummating a wedding; However, this identical regulation in its content material displays how the lady was handled in a secondary method, as solely she had acquired the surname of her husband and in case of divorce, the loss of surname is taken into account in a contextual method. was, as if true punishment: for instance, the lady who was held accountable for the divorce instantly misplaced the proper to the surname she acquired in the marriage”, explains lawyer Tatiana Alves Lowenthal, who works in Civil and Labor in Carvalho e Cavallehiro Advogados. Responsible for the areas.

Over the a long time and achievements of feminist actions, the scenario modified till it reached the current level: the Brazilian Civil Code, which, since 2002, permits a person to undertake his spouse’s surname after marriage, if He needs so.


A survey carried out by market with 2,000 individuals, 88% of whom have been women, confirmed that 4 out of ten spouses selected not to add their associate’s surname. A little bit over half (51%) preserve the custom of adopting their partner’s surname.

The aims of brides who keep their maiden name after marriage are to keep away from forms, strengthen a way of independence, and think about an age-old custom.

The couple will keep their maiden surnames Barbara and Ismail. “It was by no means a difficulty for us, we did not even speak about it, as a result of we by no means needed to, we simply talked about the sort of contract we have been going to do”, 35-year-old UX designer Barbara Winkler Arena stated, in January 2023, she’s going to marry Ismail Calvi Silveira, a 32-year-old English trainer.

falling information

The survey numbers are comparable to these revealed by the National Association of Registrars of Natural Persons (ARPAN). In July this yr, the unit introduced that, over the previous 20 years, the quantity of women adopting their husband’s surname in the nation has dropped considerably.

In 2002, the proportion of brides who adopted their associate’s surname after marriage was 59.2%. In the final decade, nevertheless, it rose to 45%. According to Arpen, presently, potential {couples} choose to keep their maiden name, which is a alternative of 47% of these going to get married.


The survey by the portal was carried out on the Internet throughout the months of April and May of this yr, with 2,000 brides and grooms anticipated to be married by 2024 and allowed respondents to add open responses in a marked area Has been. as others.

People who don’t want to embody their husband’s surname and need to point out different causes on this space, for instance, their desire for their dad and mom’ surnames over their partner’s, their id and independence The want to retain and never the want to improve the quantity of nicknames that you have already got.

However, analysis has proven that practicality is the most important driver for conserving a maiden name after marriage. Those who change their surname after marriage can have to replace all their paperwork, corresponding to CPF, CNH, voter registration, passport, financial institution registration, actual property information, and so forth.

Of these interviewed who didn’t need to add their partner’s surname, 45% responded that they want to keep away from a collection of bureaucracies required by regulation. However, not making modifications requires a further dedication: the presentation of a wedding certificates as proof of your new marital standing, every time requested.

identical surname

The new Brazilian Civil Code, revealed on January 10, 2002, additionally permits that “both of the spouses could, if they need, add the surname of the different”, however each individuals in a pair sharing the surname. Still not frequent in Brazil.

“Almost two complete a long time, I’ve by no means met anybody who added his spouse’s name. As a lot as it’s a authorized panorama, there isn’t any doubt that the concern can also be cultural”, says lawyer Tatiana Alves Lowenthal.

The Leticia and Bruno couple intend to break this paradigm. After marriage, 21-year-old pupil Leticia (*45*) Xavier and 22-year-old software program engineer Bruno Pires will undertake one another’s surnames.

“It is a standard understanding of each that the truth of creating a brand new household will contain the merging of surnames. In this manner we can have an id of our personal, which is an emblem of union. We will signal as Leticia (*45*) Pierce Xavier and Bruno Pierce Xavier ”, says the bride who stated ‘sure’ in November this yr.


According to Para Michele Escora, anthropologist and professor at the Federal University of Bueno, the discount in the quantity of women intending to undertake their husband’s surname can be defined by continued modifications in “social conventions” that remember notions of equality and segregation. Celebrate and demand. ,

The researcher defines this state of affairs as a path of no return and explains how the declare relates to how the state of Brazil relates to the rights and obligations of the household.

“This is the central level of dialogue. It consists of each the demand for equality between males and women when selecting whether or not or not to change their names after a civil marriage, but additionally by the proper to marry an individual of the identical intercourse, or by the state. additionally linked to calls for for assured safety in conditions of home violence”, explains the anthropologist.

For lawyer Tatiana Alves Lowenthal, by 1977 the obligatory imposition of the husband’s surname refers to the property and structural system into which society has lengthy been inserted. “As a lot as it’s, by some, an evidence of the romanticization of this alternative [adotar o sobrenome do marido]The undeniable fact that males do not even think about adopting their spouse’s name actually highlights this facet”.

She remembers that women’s freedom to decide the fundamentals of their particular person rights—in name solely—was depending on the authorized modification getting used. “Free and acutely aware alternative underneath these situations can’t be interpreted as mere ‘victory’, however as a warning signal that society wants to give equal voice to all its members regardless of gender, caste and faith. Needed.”, says the lawyer.


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